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Contract Cheating

“Contract cheating occurs when a student submits work that has been completed for them by a third party, irrespective of the third party’s relationship with the student, and whether they are paid or unpaid.”

(Harper et al., 2018)

Teaching & Learning Resources:

For information on how to discuss Contract Cheating with students refer to the Student Academic Integrity Website.

Contract Cheating can be difficult to detect but when marking there are some triggers that can highlight  a student may have submitted work that is not their own and purchased their assessment task from an essay mill or similar essay bank or had someone else write all or part of the assessment task.

Quick Reads

Bretag, T., & Harper, R. (2017, May12).  Assessment design won’t stop cheating, but our relationships with students might.  The Conversation.  Retrieved from

Eaton, S. (2018).  15 strategies to detect contract cheating. Retrieved from

International Center for Academic Integrity. (2016). Institutional toolkit to combat contract cheating.  Retrieved from

Latifi, A. (2018).  Universities armed to fight new ‘battlefront’ of cheating students. Retrieved from


Harper, R., Bretag, T., Ellis, C., Newton, P., Rozenberg, P., Saddiqui S. & van Haeringen, K. (2018) Contract cheating: a survey of Australian university staff, Studies in Higher Education, DOI: 10.1080/03075079.2018.1462789

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